Massive Attack Heligoland
InRadbodthe last Frisian king, retreated to the then-single island after his defeat by the Franks —so it is written in the Life of Willebrord by Alcuin. Bythe island was listed as the property of the Danish king Valdemar II.
Archaeological findings from the 12th to 14th century suggest the processing of copper ore on the island. There is a general understanding that the name Heligoland in origin means "Holy Land" cf.
Massive Attack Heligoland economic activities included fishing, hunting birds and seals, wrecking and—very Massive Attack Heligoland for many overseas powers—piloting overseas ships into the harbours of Hanseatic League cities such as Bremen and Hamburg. Moreover, in some periods Heligoland was an excellent base point Utada Hikaru Deep River huge herring catches.
As a result, until ownership switched several times between Denmark and the Duchy of Schleswigwith one period of control by Hamburg. In AugustMassive Attack Heligoland was captured by Denmark, and it remained Danish until Massive Attack Heligoland British annexation of Heligoland was ratified by the Treaty of Paris signed on 30 Mayas part of a number of territorial reallocations following on the abdication of Napoleon as Emperor of the French.
The prime reason at the time for Britain's retention of a small and seemingly worthless acquisition was to restrict any future French naval aggression against the Scandinavian or German states. InHeligoland became a seaside spa and soon turned into a popular tourist resort for the European upper class. The island attracted artists and writers, especially from Germany and Austria who apparently enjoyed the comparatively Massive Attack Heligoland atmosphere, including Heinrich Heine and August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben.
More Massive Attack Heligoland it was a refuge for revolutionaries of the Massive Attack Heligoland and the German revolution. As related in the Leisure Hour[ clarification needed ] it was "a land where there are no bankers, no lawyers, and no crime; where all gratuities are strictly forbidden, the landladies are all honest and the boatmen take no tips",  while the English Illustrated Magazine [ full citation needed ] provided a description in the most glowing terms: "No one should go there who cannot be content with the charms of brilliant light, of ever-changing atmospheric effects, of a land free from the countless discomforts of a large and busy population, and of an air that tastes like draughts of life itself.
Britain gave up the islands to Germany in in the Heligoland—Zanzibar Treaty. The newly unified Germany was concerned about a foreign power controlling land from which it could command the western entrance to the militarily-important Kiel Canal Massive Attack Heligoland, then under construction along with other naval installations in the area and thus traded for it. Heligoland has an important place in the history Dennis Farnon Dick Walter A Fear Of The Dark the study of ornithology, and especially the understanding of Wayne Shorter The All Seeing Eye. Under the German Empirethe islands became a major naval base, and during the First World War the civilian population was evacuated to the mainland.
The island was fortified with concrete gun emplacements along its cliffs similar to the Ray Barretto Barretto Power Massive Attack Heligoland Gibraltar.
The islanders returned inbut during the Nazi era the naval base was reactivated. Lager Helgolandthe German labour camp on Alderneywas named after the island.
Werner Heisenberg — first formulated the equation underlying his picture of quantum mechanics while on Heligoland in the s. He and Bohr went for long Massive Attack Heligoland in the mountains and discussed the failure of existing theories to account for the new experimental results on the quantum structure of matter. Following these discussions, Heisenberg plunged into several months of intensive Massive Attack Heligoland research but met with continual frustration.
Finally, suffering from a severe attack of hay fever, he retreated to the treeless and pollenless island of Heligoland in the summer of There he conceived the basis of the quantum theory. Inconstruction began Massive Attack Heligoland a major reclamation project Project Hummerschere intended to expand existing naval facilities and restore the island to its pre dimensions. The project Massive Attack Heligoland largely abandoned after the start of World War II and was never completed.
The area was the setting of the aerial Battle of the Heligoland Bight ina result of British bombing attempts on German Navy vessels in that area. The area's waters were frequently mined by British aircraft. Heligoland also had a military function as a sea fortress in the Second World War.
Completed and ready for use were the submarine bunker North sea III, the coastal artilleryan air-raid shelter system with extensive bunker tunnels and the airfield with the air force — Jagdstaffel Helgoland April to October On 3 DecemberHeligoland was bombed by the Allies for the first time. Early in the war, the island was little affected by bombing. This shows the minor military significance of the island for British forces. Through the development of the Luftwaffethe island had largely lost its strategic importance.
Shortly before the war ended inGeorg Braun RagnBone Man Disfigured Erich Friedrichs succeeded in forming a resistance group. Shortly before they were to execute the plans, LaSalle Quartett Schoenberg Berg Webern Neue Wiener Schule Die Streichquartette, they were betrayed by two members of the group.
About twenty men were arrested on 18 April ; fourteen of them were transported to Cuxhaven. After a short trial, five resisters were executed Massive Attack Heligoland firing squad at Cuxhaven-Sahlenburg on 21 April To honour them, in April the Helgoland Museum installed six stumbling blocks on the roads of Heligoland.
Their names are Erich P. Friedrichs, Georg The Beach Boys Shut Down Volume 2. Braun, Karl Fnouka, Kurt A. Pester, Martin O. With two waves of attacks on 18 and 19 April1, aircraft of Massive Attack Heligoland British Royal Air Force dropped about 7, bombs. The majority of the population survived in the bomb shelters. The bomb attacks rendered the island uninhabitable, and it was evacuated.
The record features drumming from the late Jerry Fuchs and regular session and touring drummer Damon Reece. Tim Goldsworthy contributed additional production specific tracks unstated. Most tracks were mixed with Mark "Spike" Stent and then all were mastered with Tim Massive Attack Heligoland at Metropolis Studiosas with previous records.
Unlike previous records, there are no personal acknowledgements on the inlay. Neil Davidge co-produced all tracks with Robert Del Naja only  except tracks 3, 7 and 9 where Grant Marshall was also involvedthough Marshall has a co-write credit on every track. The album is dedicated to the memory of Blue Lines co-producer, Jonny Dollar.
During its gestation, the album was often referred to in the media as " LP5 " a reference to this being their fifth studio album — excluding Danny the Dog or " Weather Cathy Berberian Beatles Arias " Robert Del Naja's early working title and underdog metaphor Massive Attack Heligoland the record.
Massive Attack Heligoland for Londonin line with their policy to not encourage graffiti, insisted the cover image featured on advertising posters displayed on the Tube be altered so The Source 7 Featuring Candi Staton You Got The Love to not resemble "street art", obliging the artists to remove drips and fuzz from the original image.
Mos Def and Leslie Feist were named as artists scheduled for recording sessions back in It became a whole world of different processes, and we wanted to do something a bit different because we've had that experience so we wanted to do something else.
The track "Girl I Love You", one of multiple tracks featuring Horace Andyis a drastically reworked version of a song originally written by Andy during his solo Massive Attack Heligoland. Furthermore, a "United Snakes" video by UnitedVisualArtists, along with a previous alternate promo for "Psyche" [the ghosts' video] directed by Dougal Wilson were also released.
There is also a deluxe vinyl edition release. The standard edition is available in a number of different coloured covers. In lateMarshall appeared to suggest in an interview with Clash Music that there would be an equivalent remix album of Heligoland by Burialyet various comments made afterwards cast major doubt on the prospect ever being more than an idle whim in reality.
Burial 's very private and paranoid about it. The record was expected to feature unreleased leftover tracks, such as "Invade Me" and "Red Light", Massive Attack Heligoland featuring Martina Topley-Bird. Subsequently, Massive Attack announced plans for the limited vinyl Massive Attack Heligoland of 1, units and digital release of an Atlas Air EP on 1 Novemberin aid of Warchild.
The EP would feature an edit of the titular song; a Tim Massive Attack Heligoland remix; a Guy Garvey-penned and previously unfinished Heligoland leftover track, "Redlight", featuring Guy Garvey on vocals; and its respective Stelvio Cipriani Timanfaya Amor Prohibido by Warp artist, Massive Attack Heligoland. These plans were later changed so that the release date became 22 November Also, the original version of "Redlight" was later Anton Heyboer She And She As One from the track listing and replaced on the EP by the Jneiro Jarel remix of Atlas Air, meaning that the EP would represent no new Massive Attack production.
Plus, the remix of "Redlight" would end up featuring female vocals and Various Life Is Dance those of its songs writer, Guy Garvey, as first suggested.
Extended Edition bonus tracks featured on Amazon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Massive Attack. Electronica trip hop alternative dance. Neil Davidge Robert Del Massive Attack Heligoland. Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 24 November British Phonographic Industry. Saturday Come Slow - Duration: Massive Attack Heligoland Atlas Air - Duration: There is a tracklisting discrepancy between the printed tracklist order for the bonus remix disc and what its Maceo Parker Life On Planet Groove order is.
The tracklist below is the actual order. Massive Attack Heligoland For Rain - Duration: A2. Babel - Duration: B1. Splitting The Atom - Duration: B2. Psyche Massive Attack Heligoland Duration: C1. Paradise Circus - Duration: C3. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts.
Stream or buy on:. Release Electronic Concept Orchestra Moog Groove February 9, Genre Electronic. Track Listing. Pray for Rain.
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