Steve Reich Grand Valley State University New Music Ensemble Steve Reich Music For 18 Musicians
He then sets the melody to two separate channels, and slowly moves them out of phase, creating an intricate interlocking melody. This piece is very similar to Come Out in rhythmic structure, and are an example of how one rhythmic process can be realized in different sounds to create two different pieces of music.
Reich was inspired to compose this piece from a dream he had on May 22,and put the piece together in one day. Melodica was the last piece Reich composed solely for tape, and he considers it his transition from tape music to instrumental music. Reich's first attempt at translating this phasing technique from recorded tape to live performance was the Piano Phasefor two pianos. In Piano Phase the performers repeat a rapid twelve-note melodic figure, initially in unison.
As one player keeps tempo with robotic precision, the other speeds up very slightly until the two parts line up again, but one sixteenth note apart. The second player then resumes the previous tempo. This cycle of speeding up and then locking in continues throughout the piece; the cycle comes full circle three times, the second and third cycles using shorter versions of the initial figure. Violin Phasealso written inis built on these same lines. A similar, lesser known example of this so-called process music is Pendulum Musicwhich consists of the sound of several microphones swinging over the loudspeakers to which they are attached, producing feedback as they do so.
Reich also tried to create the phasing effect in a piece "that would need no instrument beyond the human body". He found that the idea of phasing was inappropriate for the simple ways he was experimenting to make sound. Instead, he composed Clapping Musicin which the players do not phase in and out with each other, but instead one performer keeps one line of a eighth-note-long quaver-long phrase and the other performer shifts by one eighth note beat every 12 bars, until both performers are back in unison bars later.
It introduced the idea of slowing down a recorded sound until many times its original length without changing pitch or timbre, which Reich applied to Four Organswhich deals specifically with augmentation. The piece has maracas playing a fast eighth note pulsewhile Steve Reich Grand Valley State University New Music Ensemble Steve Reich Music For 18 Musicians four organs stress certain eighth notes using an 11th chord.
This work therefore dealt with repetition and subtle rhythmic change. It is unique in the context of Reich's other pieces [ clarification needed How so — 'unique'? Four Organs was performed as part of a Boston Symphony Orchestra program, and Steve Reich Grand Valley State University New Music Ensemble Steve Reich Music For 18 Musicians Reich's first composition to be performed in a large traditional setting.
InReich embarked on a five-week trip to study music in Ghana, during which he learned from the master drummer Screamin Jay Hawkins Because Is In Your Mind Alorwoyie. Reich also studied Balinese gamelan in Seattle in and Jones 's Studies in African Music about the music of the Ewe people, Reich drew inspiration for his minute piece Drummingwhich he composed shortly after his return.
Composed for a nine-piece percussion ensemble with female voices and piccoloDrumming marked the beginning of a new stage in his career, for around this time he formed his ensemble, Steve Reich and Musiciansand increasingly concentrated on composition and performance with them.
Steve Reich and Musicians, Hiram and Direct Turn It Around Love Flight was to be the sole ensemble to interpret his works for many years, still remains active with many of its original members. After DrummingReich moved on from the "phase shifting" technique that he had pioneered, and began writing more elaborate pieces.
He investigated other musical processes such as augmentation the temporal lengthening of phrases and melodic fragments. InReich began writing Music for 18 Musicians. This piece involved many new ideas, although it also hearkened back to earlier pieces. It is based on a cycle of eleven chords introduced at the beginning called "Pulses"followed by a small section of music based on each chord "Sections I-XI"and finally a return to the original cycle "Pulses".
This was Reich's first attempt at writing for larger ensembles. The increased number of performers resulted in more scope for psychoacoustic effects, which fascinated Reich, and he noted that he would like to "explore this idea further". Reich remarked that this one work contained more harmonic movement in the first five minutes than any other work he had written. Reich explored these ideas further in his frequently recorded pieces Music for a Large Ensemble and Octet In these two works, Reich experimented with "the human Sergius Golowin Lord Krishna Von Goloka Steve Reich Grand Valley State University New Music Ensemble Steve Reich Music For 18 Musicians the measure of musical duration With Octet and his first orchestral piece Variations for Winds, Strings and Keyboards alsoReich's music showed the influence of Biblical cantillationwhich he had studied in Israel since the summer of After this, the human voice singing a text would play George Benson Beyond The Blue Horizon increasingly important role in Reich's music.
The technique [ If you take away the text, you're left with the idea of putting together small motives to make longer melodies — a technique I had not encountered before. In Reich published the book Writings About Musiccontaining essays on his philosophy, aesthetics, and musical projects written between and An updated and much more extensive collection, Writings On Music —was published in Reich's work took on a darker character in the s with the introduction of historical themes as well as themes from his Jewish heritage.
A— . Classical Net. The Guardian. Ryan has posted a slick promotional trailer for the disc on YouTube. The composer has already given the project his blessing and is expected to attend.
Reich said. Tell us what you think. Please upgrade your browser. See next articles. Newsletter Sign Up Continue reading the main story Please verify you're not a robot by clicking the box. Invalid email address. Please re-enter. You must select a newsletter to subscribe to. Section 1. Section 2. Section 3A. Section 3B. Section 4. Section 5. Section 6.
Section 7. Section 8. Section 9. Section Music for 18 Musicians. Pulses Steve Reich.
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