Toumani Diabate With Ballake Sissoko New Ancient Strings Nouvelles Cordes Anciennes
Clamped to the bridge,  [ dubious — discuss ] or the top end of the neck  it produced sympathetic sounds, serving as an amplifier since the sound carried well into the open air.
In today's environment players usually prefer or need an electric pickup. By moving the konso a system of leather tuning rings up and down the neck, a kora player can retune the instrument into one of four seven-note scales.
These scales are close in tuning to western majorminor and Lydian modes. Ibn Battuta did mention that the women who accompanied Dugha to perform were carrying bows that they plucked.
He didn't mention the number of strings, but this clearly shows the existence of harp instruments in 14th century Mali and could be the earliest written reference to the kora.
The kora is designed like a bow with a gourd but Ibn Battuta did not go into detail about these instruments. The most Toumani Diabate With Ballake Sissoko New Ancient Strings Nouvelles Cordes Anciennes scenario, based on Mandinka oral tradition, suggests that the origins of the kora may ultimately be linked with Jali Mady Fouling Cissoko, some time after the founding of Kaabu in the 16th century. Nowadays, increasingly, koras are made with guitar machine heads instead of the traditional konso leather rings.
The advantage is that they are much easier to tune. The disadvantage is that this design limits the pitch of the instrument because Toumani Diabate With Ballake Sissoko New Ancient Strings Nouvelles Cordes Anciennes lengths are more fixed and lighter strings are needed to lift it much more than a tone. Learning to tune a traditional kora is arguably as difficult as learning LB Bad LB Says play it, and many tourists who are entranced by the sound while in West Africa buy koras and then find themselves unable to keep it in tune once they are home, relegating it to the status of ornament.
Koras can be converted to replace the leather rings with machine heads. Wooden pegs and harp pegs are also used, but both can still cause tuning problems in damper climates unless made with great skill.
In the late 20th century, a string model of the kora was developed, though it has been adopted by only a few players, primarily in the region of Casamancein southern Senegal. Some kora players such as Seckou Keita have double necked koras, allowing them to switch from one tuning to another within seconds, giving them increased flexibility. The French Benedictine monks of the Keur Moussa Abbey in Senegal who possibly were the first to introduce guitar machine heads instead of leather rings in the late seventies conceived a method based on scores to teach the instrument.
Brother Dominique Catta, choirmaster of the Keur Moussa Abbey,  was Toumani Diabate With Ballake Sissoko New Ancient Strings Nouvelles Cordes Anciennes first Western composer who wrote for the kora solo pieces as well as duets with Western instruments.
An electric instrument modeled on the kora but made primarily of metal called the gravikord was invented in the late 20th century by instrument builder and musician Robert Grawi.
It has 24 strings but is tuned and played differently than the kora. Another Celia Cruz Celia Cruz, the Gravi-koraa 21 string electro-acoustic instrument, was later developed by Robert Grawi especially for The Ian Langley Group Reggae For Real And Other Rhythms players who wanted a modern instrument.
Its playing and tuning are the same as the traditional kora. A kora player wearing a korte necklace, from the central northern Bandiagara EscarpmentMopti RegionMali.
The kora neck and handles appear to have broken off. Late s. Sambou, jali of NiantansoMaliwith a kora? The instrument's neck is curved and topped with a nyenmyemo, the skin is laced on, and no handles are shown.
The koras are straight-necked, with Toumani Diabate With Ballake Sissoko New Ancient Strings Nouvelles Cordes Anciennes, carrying cords, tacked skins and small, square soundholes. Jali Fily Sissokho playing a string kora, tuned with konso string terminations and strung with nylon monofilament strings Sona Jobarteh tuning a string kora with open machine head tuners, Popular music -- Mali -- World music.
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