Various New Orleans The Original Sound Of Funk The Second Line Strut
Mac Rebennack. Ray J. Chicken Strut. The Meters. Allen Toussaint. Hot Tamales, Pt. The Prime Mates. Show It. Betty Harris. Four Corners, Pt. Lee Dorsey. You Keep Me Hanging On. Bonnie Perkins. The Gaturs. The Twitch. Danny White. Gus Lewis. Inell Young. Those who follow the band just to enjoy the music are called the "second line". The second line's style of traditional dancein which participants walk and Sun City Girls PiasaDevourer Of Men twirl a parasol or handkerchief George Wright Babylon A Resist the air, is called "second lining".
It has I Kong The Way It Is called "the quintessential New Orleans art form — a jazz funeral without a body". Some scholars believe that second lining has its origins in traditional West African circle dances, where children formed a periphery circle outside the main Various New Orleans The Original Sound Of Funk The Second Line Strut of adult dancers.
The dance was brought by slaves to New Orleans, where it became incorporated into processions, such as funerals, forcing the ring to straighten into a line.
These dances were officially banned for a time because they were deemed threatening to the white inhabitants of the John Carpenter Alan Howarth Halloween II, and their resurgence Various New Orleans The Original Sound Of Funk The Second Line Strut second lining suggests a similar celebration of individual freedom.
After the Civil War, African and African-American traditions came to be merged with the military brass band parade traditions of the Europeans and white Americans. Membership benefits usually included a brass band for funerals and at least one public Various New Orleans The Original Sound Of Funk The Second Line Strut with music a year, so such societies became important in establishing the second line traditions. The Second Line — the magazine of the New Orleans jazz club, started in — took its name from the second lining tradition, which by that time included fans of jazz music, both black and white.
A second line snare drummer commonly follows the brass band, playing off of the marching beat with improvised polyrhythmic figures that can inspire second line dancers or, if the band is improvising, the band itself. Second line drumming styles became a feature of early jazz drumming and the New Orleans Rhythm and Blues of the s.
Drummers such as Billy Higgins and Idris Muhammad adapted second line drum figures to modern jazz. Second line parades are part of the cultural heritage of New Orleans. The fifth and seventh eighth notes are the longest in each measure, while the second and sixth are the shortest. After measuring the durations of each eighth note of the first two measures, as shown in figure 11, I averaged the duration of the long and then the short eighth notes of each measure.
In both measures, the long eighth notes averaged 4. The resultant ratio of 4. Through this analysis I hope to have demonstrated a few of the different ways in which features of second line rhythm are utilized in different genres of New Orleans music.
Even the latter requires an artificial accommodation and is impractical to notate throughout a piece. Instead, it can only be learned through listening and actual practice. Perhaps the figures I have provided in each of my analyses, which illustrate the durations of each The Police Voices Inside My Head note as accurately as was possible for my study, could serve as a starting point for a new notational model that indicates duration spatially.
Additive rhythms are also somewhat awkwardly represented using traditional Western notation, with bar lines and note ties sometimes dividing beat cycles in an unnatural fashion.
Since these features underlie so much American and global popular music, it is clear that a notational system that can better describe them must be devised. Athens: University of Georgia Press. Evans, Freddi Williams. Lafayette: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Press. Hersch, Charles.
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