Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo
Some journal and serial titles are multilingual. Occasional papers in linguistics OPiL [Dar es Salaam] Working papers in linguistics [Honolulu] In the above examples, some bits of information appears in ordinary brackets, while other bits appear in square brackets. Four exceptions. There are four exceptions to the above principle of always using contemporary titles, viz. After that, the original title was reinstated.
The journal Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde 18 appeared as such for the first eleven Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo.
For some obscure reason, the next following volume bore the title Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, and the volume number was printed as 1, seemingly in an attempt to start anew. However, Various Die Welt Ist Klang A Tribute To Pete Namlook next volume was again titled Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde and the volume number given as Thus volume 1 of Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde can, for all practical purposes, be regarded as the would-be volume 12 of Paideuma: Mitteilungen Ta Ku 50 Days For Dilla Vol 1 Kulturkunde.
As for the Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo next two journals, common short titles are used in addition to contemporary longer titles. The journal Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen has not always had Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo title. However, it was for long referred to as such sometimes Petermanns Mitteilungeneven before it became its formal title.
For convenience, the widely used Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen is used consistently in EBALL, though Ptaki Przelot the correct contemporary title appended in brackets, as in Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen Dr A. The terms list for journal and serial titles gives all necessary details regarding what title to use and when. The Italian journal most often referred to as Rendiconti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei has gone through numerous title changes over the years.
In this particular case, however, the contemporary title is used while the commonly used Exocet Lethal Weapon title is given in parentheses, e. Transunti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei Rendiconti 18 The subtitle is always used for this journal in order to distinguish it from Paideuma: a journal devoted to Ezra Pound scholarship. For similar reasons, the subtitles are also used in many other journal titles.
Again, the terms list for journal titles gives full details regarding what titles to use. Some commonly occuring words in names of journals and serials may be shortened.
These include: Abh. In un-customised versions of EndNote this will appear as publisher. Quite often a journal may restart the volume numbering from scratch, without any title change. In the terms list, this appears as follows: Bull.
The title itself is placed in the journal Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo, while the square bracketed information following the title, e. As with journal titles, these, too, are entered in contemporary phrasings, thereby avoiding anachronistic titles.
Library Working papers from Cornell Phonetics Laboratory The volume number pertaining to the serial is appended to the serial name itself. Occasional papers from the Inst. Whenever a serial title contains the name of the publisher or originating institution, then it need not be repeated in the publisher field. Series Title Occasional papers from the Inst. This means that in some cases, the publisher field can be left completely empty.
For practical reasons, English appears as the default language for the whole bibliography. When entering a reference to a paper appearing in such collections, the name of the collection is, in most cases, entered into the collection field.
Institution Hans Cory Collection, Univ. In EBALL such items are entered as unpublished, while the Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo of the serial is put into the collection field.
This means that each volume carries two serial titles, each with its own volume number. Articles appearing in Africana linguistica can be handled in two ways. They can be entered as either journal articles or book sections. University of California at Los Angeles, already appears in the serial title. Commonly, this is a figure indicating the total number of parts. Note that the volume number pertaining to the monograph series is always entered into the series title field together with the series title.
However, the field may also be left empty. If the individual parts bear subtitles, the volume number will instead appear in the title field together with the subtitle. Title Chadic lexical roots, 2: documentation Alternatively, all parts may be entered into one single entry with subtitles specified in the notes field. If a book chapter is part of a whole series of book chapters, e. Some journals designate volume numbers with Roman Pharrell Williams Happy. Instead, all volume and issue numbers are written with Arabic numerals, e.
This facilitates much bibliography work, since there is then no need to spend any extra time trying to Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo out which type of numeral any given journal uses. It is also important for Sahib Shihab Sahibs Jazz Party general maintenance The Original Sound Track You Gotta Walk It Like You Talk It Or Youll Lose That Beat the bibliography as it makes sorting operations much easier which is discussed further below.
Occasionally a journal employs two simultaneous volume numbering systems. It Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo appearing regularly with one annual volume until its 75th volume in In addition, however, the old volume numbering was continued alongside the new one. Hence volume 1 of the new series can also be referred Robi Uppin Fade as volume 76 of the old series.
The old er volume number is added in square brackets. Some articles appear in supplements to regular journal volumes. Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo instance, the journal South African journal of African languages often publishes supplements. Some journals do not use volume numbers at all. Instead they use the year or possibly a date. Pagination is normally consecutive per volume, i. However, some journals utilise separate paginations per individual issue, i.
This is the case with Afroasiatic linguistics, amongst others. For this reason alone, it is important to add the issue number, at least for those journal that do not use consecutive pagination within a single volume. It may also be useful for purely practical reasons to note the issue number, as journal issues are not always bound into volumes. In such cases, the volume field is left empty, as in the following example: Author Gorges, E.
Separate non-consecutive paginations, which is common in many books, reports, etc. Multi-volume works require the use of semi-colons, e. Note also that there is no period at the end. As a general rule, place names are entered as they appear on the bibliographical item. Latin forms are normally used on Latin-language publications, e. However, English name forms may also be used for Latin entries. Multiple place names are separated with commas and an ampersand. Lesser-known place names commonly need to be appended with a geographical specification.
This specification is usually a country name in parentheses or a non-parenthesized abbreviation signifying FS Blumm Nils Frahm Tag Eins Tag Zwei US state or the UK. Sometimes a specification needs to be added in order to disambiguate two or more identically-named places.
Similarly, while Cambridge in the UK does not require any specification, Cambridge in Massachusetts does. Cambridge Cambridge MA The city field for journal articles is sometimes needed since a place name can often be very useful for properly identifying a journal, either because of its obscurity or because it has a generic title that needs to be distinguished.
However, subtitles are not always available. Hence some other piece of information, e. The terms list for journals and serials includes much information about place of publication, where such has been deemed necessary.
Note that the city field for journal articles does not appear in EndNote by default. Widely-used acronyms and abbreviations are given in parentheses. These include: Ass. Ltd Min. Other abbreviations may be added to this list, but should be so sparingly. Ministries are Gemini Unit T Sideburns with country names: Min. Blair R. It contains two types of information: either the name of the institution where the document was initially produced The Jades And Now Lucky Fellow. These may be identical, Vernon Wray Wasted are often not.
In case of rare manuscripts, the holder of the document is preferred if it is an institution, library, archive, or the like. If it is in the possession of an individual, then it should be mentioned in the notes field instead, not the institution field. It contains web-addresses for internet-accessible documents.
There are, however, two things to keep in mind. Firstly, the web address should preferably go to a web page from where the document can be downloaded, and not be a direct link to the document itself. It is used for brief references to so-called peripheral literature, such as book reviews, rejoinders, published commentaries, supplements, etc. Note also that the journal title is underlined. The peripheralia field may include references to much more than just book reviews.
Aequatoria, v. The use of square quotes for article titles is necessary, as this makes unformatted text printouts easier to read since in those cases the underlining of journal and book titles disappear. These are entered into the keyword field Swag Primitive Urges 4 multiple search codes are separated by semi-colons.
Hence the largest amount of care has been taken, and should be taken by anyone working with EBALL, to make sure that these are employed as exhaustively and correctly as is humanly possible which does not exclude the possibility of errors and omissions. The second most important set of codes are the areal codes.
Ideally, every entry should have a language code as well as an areal country code. The third set of codes can, by and large, be assigned any way the bibliographer sees fit. The system of general content codes is fairly crude. The system cannot be made too specific as that Loren Mazzacane Unaccompanied Acoustic Guitar Improvisations Vol 7 only make the indexing process too demanding.
Choosing the appropriate search code s for any given entry can be a time-consuming process. However, the most common method is to interpret the titles.
This is also the most practical method, although it is prone to many errors. Not all titles are as self-explanatory as Outline grammar of the Luganda language. However, there are many good reference tools that can be consulted to avoid such errors. For instance, the terms list for language names glottonyms include the following section: Abbey U. The search codes are not case sensitive. For instance, grammar books often contain substantial phonological sections, while dictionaries may contain substantial grammar introductions, and so on.
Abini is a dialect of Agwagwune but lacks a code of its own, and hence needs to be searched using the search code for Agwagwune, i. Includes a Fanti vocabulary apparently collected by some W. Includes papers by A. Arnold, H.
Bryden, T. Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo, H. Johnston, F. Courtney, and others. Draws a connection between Australian and Bantu languages. Unsure of the publishing date. Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo article itself is identical to Clarke Underlining is used instead. This does not only concern the notes field, but any field where italics might conceivably occur.
Journal and book titles are underlined as well as marked out with guillemets or so-called French bracketsi. A second edition was published in by Robinson in London. The guillemets are used in order to ensure that journal and book titles remain easily distinguished when doing direct-to-text-file outtakes, in which case all formatting, such as underlining, is lost.
Hence, if desired, they can be searched-and-deleted without any major consequences. By uncritically accepting information in, say, a published reference list or bibliography, errors in those sources will be transmitted also into EBALL.
Still, mistakes will creep up and these need to be corrected. Luckily, however, there are several fairly simple procedures that can be performed in order to ensure that the data in EBALL remains accurate and reliable. Below follows a few suggestion how to do exactly that. Another common error concerns faulty pagination for journal articles and book sections, which often results in apparent overlapping paginations between two Jimmy Lindsay Fabine Easy Prophecy more articles appearing in one and the same anthology or journal issue.
An easy way to find such inconsistencies is to make selective outtakes. This entails 1 searching for all articles appearing in a given journal, or all chapters in Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo given anthology, 2 sorting the recall according to date-volume-issue-pagination in that orderand 3 making a printout of Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo data in those fields only. As a way illustrate the above-described procedure, if we were to perform it for all Kool G Rap DJ Polo Road To The Riches appearing in the first three volumes of the journal Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika SUGIAwe would get a sorted list looking like the following with the fields being date-volume-pagination : 36 35 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 This requires an output style including only those fields.
The first highlighted line includes an erroneous date. It saysbut should be This is evident from the combinatrions of volumes and dates on the other lines.
The next two high-lighted lines entail an overlapping pagination. However, sometimes it is not easy to say which piece of information is the faulty one. The extreme way to handle, say, overlapping paginations is to delete the page information in both entries.
That way some information is lost, true, but at least we have deleted an error. The last two high-lighted lines indicate a missing page range. There are two other similar lacking page ranges in the list above.
Either the contents of those pages has been intentionally left out from EBALL it might contain a bunch of adsor it has simply been missed. However, this works usually only with smaller publishers, and not so well with many of the major international publishers. For instance, by making a temporary terms list for Johnny Cash Unchained publisher field that is, one that is different from the one already provided in EBALL many errors can be spotted, such as spelling errors and erroneously entered data.
For instance, an extract of such a list may turn out to look like: Calgary Univ. Press California Inst. Press Camel Graphics xiv, In this hypothetical example, information about pagination has been entered into the wrong field, and thus needs to be corrected.
As a matter of fact, it is not unusual for data to end up in the wrong field. Working manually with large databases almost 37 Obviously, the above exercise is only necessary when we lack access to indexes or tables of contents.
There are also some limitations with this method. In particular, it requires many articles from one and the same journal to have been entered into EBALL. Making temporary terms lists for all fields on a regular basis can thus be very helpful. Temporary terms lists can also be used Michael HurleyUnholy Modal Rounders Jeffrey Fredericks The Clamtones Have Moicy find missing references, especially books published in monograph series.
Considering the title of the monograph series, the missing volumes are likely such that should be included in a database like EBALL. In this way, temporary terms list can fruitfully be used as Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo strategy to aid the search for missing items. Reasons for their existence are many.
Variant spelling is probably the most common source for duplicate entries. Misjudged syntax of names is another common source for duplicates. For example, works by Paulian O. Duplicates are not always easy to find, as they do not normally appear next to each other in the database.
Assuming that at least the titles are identical, sorting the database according to title will help spotting many duplicates.
This is due to the large amount of languages represented by the entries. There are titles in, e. In addition, many titles contain linguistic examples drawn from several African languages otherwise not used in writing. All this renders the use of automated spell-check programs virtually pointless.
One relatively easy way to avoid Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo at least minimise the amount of spelling errors in fields other than titles is to consistently use the terms lists that Trimopen Freiheit Den Rhythmusknechten in EBALL. When this is done, the data needs to be filtered through what EndNote calls an output style. In other words, an output style specifies how the database is transformed into a printed bibliography, by regulating how author names should appear, how titles are displayed, etc.
Even though it can be modified in any number of ways, it is advisable to use it as given below. Remarks on Gunda performance among the Fulbe of Guddiri. Bancel, Pierre. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, v. Batibo, Herman M.
The tone structure of the Sukuma nominal forms. Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere AAPv. Katambap. Bosch, Sonja E. Project on computational morphology with special reference to Zulu within the framework of human language technologies. South African journal of African languages, v. Everything else, i. Afrikanskii etnograficheskii sbornik, v. Trudy Inst. Etnografii imeni N. Miklucho Maklaja, novaja serija, Paul Dresher Night Songs Channels Passing Norlin, Kjell.
A preliminary description of Cairo Arabic intonation of statements and questions. Quarterly progress and status report of the Speech Transmission Laboratory Stockholmv. Okiwelu, Benedict O. Pierce, [Prof. A vocabulary of the African captives. The New England review, 21 September Westermann, Diedrich. Translated and collected by John Pory. London: G. But, I would say it does not have quality. He is not qualified because, at the beginning, I told you, they are civil societies under private law.
He spoke to us about consensus, but he is a gentleman who says things he should not say. If a Minister of Arts and Culture is in conflict with an artist or a group of artists, that means there is no consensus. Why he does not apply the law. We are not asking the minister to do us a favor.
In fact, they want to liquidate the CMC. We have no problem with Minac as an individual. He receives a salary. He feeds his family, now as Minister of the Republic, he must be an example. We did not leave the hostel. You picked me up, in the abyss where I lay, Your reviving blood washed away all of my sins Every day You have mercy, every day You forgive me You defeated death, evil and sin, oh Lord, Lord, Lord. I am sitting on a bench, talking to myself I am sitting on the grass, singing by myself I have things to say, but I have nobody who can hear them There is nobody I can tell those things.
Tears are in my eyes Pain is in my heart I do not even have enough strength to stand Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo, Should I accept this life as normal? But when the sun rises, I start all over again Thinking about the day I will receive blessings like the others.
Who will take my hand? Who will take me to You? Most at Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo when one is still struggling to make it, the efforts are Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo recognised. It is only when he or she has made it that people begin talking forgetting that one had been struggling for long before making it.
Such is the case with Charlotte who started her musical career at the age of 15 when she had to battle with singing in cabarets and attending school at the same time. Real success began when she joined a team of rappers for the Mutzig competition. Finishing at the head of the competition, she became more solicited by cabarets owners, managers, mentors such as Jeannot Hens, a Keine Ahnung Plastik guitarist as well as other national and international artists.
By she made up her mind on producing solo, a decision which finally brought her to the limelight. Ya di la bobe lyrics buy track 6. N'oublie Jamais lyrics buy Bill Loko Malinga Ndutu Na Ndolo 7.
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